Bc level:

  • Foundations of Astronomy
    Course ID: UFV/ZAA/13
    Teacher: Rudolf Gális
    Recommended year/semester: 3/winter
    Recommended for: students of astronomy
    Scope: 2/1
    ECTS credits: 4
    Brief outline: Coordinate systems in astronomy, the nautical triangle, transformation of coordinates. Measuring of time in astronomy, development of the calendar. Diurnal and annual parallaxes, refraction,aberration, precession, nutation, proper motion of stars. Motion in a central field, Kepler’s laws,
    conic sections, velocities, anomalies, Kepler’s equation, orbital elements, restricted three body problem.
  • Introduction to Astronomy
    Course ID: UFV/UAS/13
    Teacher: Štefan Parimucha
    Recommended year/semester: 2/summer
    Recommended for: all students of physics
    Scope: 2/0
    ECTS credits: 3
    Brief outline: Subject of astronomy, celestial coordinates and their transformations, time and calendar, problem of 2 bodies, astronomical telescopes and detectors, Solar system – Sun, planets, comets, small bodies, radiation of stars and their spectrum, properties of stars and their evolution, galaxies and cosmology.
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  • Introduction to Astrophysics
    Course ID: UFV/ZAAF/13
    Teacher: Rudolf Gális
    Recommended year/semester: 3/summer
    Recommended for: students of astronomy
    Scope: 3/1
    ECTS credits: 5
    Brief outline: Fundamental astrophysical quantities and their determination; magnitudes; Pogson’s law; spectral types and luminosity classes; temperatures, masses and radii of stars; rotation and magnetic field
    of stars; specific intensity, radiative flux; black body radiation; synchrotron radiation; interstellar extinction.
  • Structure and Evolution of the Universe
    Course ID: UFV/SEV/10
    Teacher: Rudolf Gális
    Recommended year/semester: 3/summer
    Recommended for: all students on university
    Scope: 2/0
    ECTS credits: 3
    Brief outline:The stars, their basic properties, structure and evolution. Structure and distribution of matter in the universe. Cosmological theories, formation, evolution and future of the universe.

  • MSc level:

  • Astronomical Instrumentation
    Course ID: UFV/APR/17
    Teacher: Štefan Parimucha
    Recommended year/semester: 1/winter
    Scope: 3/1
    ECTS credits: 6
    Brief outline: Principles of geometrical optics, optical errors and their corrections, types of telescopes and their construction, radio-telescopes, satellite UV and X-ray telescopes, detectors of the light: CCD, CMOS, principles of photometry, spectroscopy and polarimetry.
  • Celestial Mechanics
    Course ID: UFV/NME/17
    Teacher: Marian Jakubík
    Recommended year/semester: 1/winter
    Scope: 3/1
    ECTS credits: 7
    Brief outline: Problem of two bodies, Kepler’s laws and the shape of orbit, Kepler’s equation; elements of orbit, determination of ephemeris; description of orbits of Solar system bodies, Equations of motion for “n” bodies, Restricted three-body problem, Jacobi integral, surfaces and curves of zero velocity (Hill surfaces), Lagrange libration points, Tisserand criterion. Numerical integration of orbits, perturbation function, Method of variation of constants, Langrange brackets, Whittaker method of the detemination of Lagrange brackets, Lagrange equations,Lagrange equations for canonical elements, Gauss form of the Lagrange equations.
  • Computer Astrophysics
    Course ID: UFV/PAST/17
    Teacher: Štefan Parimucha
    Recommended year/semester: 1/summer
    Scope: 2/2
    ECTS credits: 5
    Brief outline: Sources of astronomical informations on web, VIZIER, NASA ADS Abstract Service. FITS format of astronomical data. Reduction of CCD and photoelectric photometry. Introduction to MIDAS and IRAF. Numerical procedures in astrophysics, Pyhton and astropy module. Period determination in astronomical data. Virtual Observatory.
  • Cosmology
    Course ID: UFV/KOZM/13
    Teacher: Rudolf Gális
    Recommended year/semester: 2/winter
    Scope: 2/0
    ECTS credits: 4
    Brief outline:Structure and distribution of matter in the universe. Historical development of cosmological theories; Olbers’ paradox; gravitational paradox. General theory of relativity; relativistic cosmology; other cosmological theories. The origin and evolution of the universe; cosmological problems.
  • Extrasolar Planets
    Course ID: UFV/ESP1/13
    Teacher: Štefan Parimucha
    Recommended year/semester: 2/winter
    Scope: 2/0
    ECTS credits: 3
    Brief outline: Definition of planets and exoplanets, methods of their detection – transits, radial velocity, direct imaging, microlensing, transit time variations, formations of planets and protostelar disks, creation of giant planets and their dynamics in systems, known exoplanets and their properties.
  • Interplanetary Matter
    Course ID: UFV/MPH1/13
    Teacher: Ján Svoreň
    Recommended year/semester: 1/winter
    Scope: 4/0
    ECTS credits: 6
    Brief outline: Asteroids, comets, meteors – discoveries, orbits, astrometry, photometry, mass, rotation and size, composition, collision with Earth, formation and evolution, space research, relationships and
    context.
  • Galactic and Extraglactic Astronomy
    Course ID: UFV/GAE1/13
    Teacher: Štefan Parimucha
    Recommended year/semester: 1/summer
    Scope: 3/0
    ECTS credits: 5
    Brief outline: Determination of distances in the universe. Movement of the stars in Galaxy and Solar neighborhood. Movement of the Sun in the space. Stellar statistics. Structure of the Galaxy, subsystems,
    populations of the stars and spiral structure. Galaxies in universe, classification. Local group of
    galaxies, clusters of galaxies. Evolution of galaxies and large scale structure.
  • Practice in Astronomy
    Course ID: UFV/PRA/13
    Teacher: Marek Husárik
    Recommended year/semester: 1/winter
    Scope: 2 weeks
    ECTS credits: 3
    Brief outline: Photometric observations, reduction and calibration, measurements of brightness of stars. Astrometric transformation, WCS system.
  • Practice in Astrophysics
    Course ID: UFV/PRAF/13
    Teacher: Štefan Parimucha
    Recommended year/semester: 1/summer
    Scope: 2 weeks
    ECTS credits: 4
    Brief outline: Spectroscopic observations, reduction and calibration of spectra, measurement of radial velocities and line’s intensities, determination of the chemical composition of the atmosphere of the Sun and stars.
  • Solar Physics
    Course ID: UFV/FSL1/12
    Teacher: Peter Gömöry
    Recommended year/semester: 1/summer
    Scope: 4/0
    ECTS credits: 6
    Brief outline: Preliminary definitions and assumptions, basic facts about the sun, solar interior, solar atmosphere. magnetic fields and the dynamics of the Sun, The Standard Solar Model, solar activity, solar cycle.
  • Special seminar in Astronomy
    Course ID: UFV/PHD/17
    Teacher: Štefan Parimucha, Rudolf Gális
    Recommended year/semester: 1/summer
    Scope: 3/0
    ECTS credits: 3
    Brief outline: Recent discoveries in astrophysical research from domestic and world institutes, like exoplanets, cataclysmic variables, quasars, dark matter and dark energy etc.
  • Summer Practice in Astrophysics
    Course ID: UFV/PAF/13
    Teacher: Štefan Parimucha
    Recommended year/semester: 1/summer
    Scope: 3 weeks
    ECTS credits: 5
    Brief outline: Practical photometric and spectroscopic observations of variable stars using telescopes and detectors at our Kolonica observatory. Reduction and analysis of the observational data and
    interpretation of obtained results.
  • Theoretical Astrophysics I
    Course ID: UFV/TAF1/13
    Teacher: Rudolf Gális
    Recommended year/semester: 1/winter
    Scope: 3/1
    ECTS credits: 6
    Brief outline: Properties of the stellar matter; the basic equations of stellar structure and the models of stars; sources of energy in stars; the origin, evolution and final evolutionary stages of stars.
  • Theoretical Astrophysics II
    Course ID: UFV/TAF2/13
    Teacher: Rudolf Gális
    Recommended year/semester: 1/summer
    Scope: 3/1
    ECTS credits: 6
    Brief outline: Basic concepts of physics of stellar atmospheres; energy transfer by radiation and convection. Continuous absorption coefficient; model of photosphere. Line absorption coefficient. Properties
    of spectral lines.
  • Variable and Binary Stars
    Course ID: UFV/PHD/17
    Teacher: Štefan Parimucha
    Recommended year/semester: 1/winter
    Scope: 3/1
    ECTS credits: 6
    Brief outline: Definition of variable stars and historical review, searching for variability and periodicity of variations. Classification of variable stars and basic parameters. Visual and spectroscopic binaries. Two body problem and orbital parameters. Roche model, mass exchange in binaries and eclipsing
    binaries. Period changes.

  • PhD level:

  • Astrophysics
    Course ID: UFV/ASTF/15
    Teacher: Rudolf Gális
    Recommended year/semester: 1/winter
    Scope: 4/0
    ECTS credits: 10
    Brief outline: Chemical analysis; measurement of stellar radii and temperatures; measurements of photospheric pressure; stellar rotation; velocity fields in stellar photospheres; microturbulence and macroturbulence; stellar granulation.
  • High-energy Astrophysics
    Course ID: UFV/ASVE/15
    Teacher: Rudolf Gális
    Recommended year/semester: 2/winter
    Scope: 2/0
    ECTS credits: 5
    Brief outline: Astrophysical mechanisms of the origin and properties of high energy photons in different types of cosmic objects: solar system bodies, active stellar coronae, supernova explosions and remnants,
    neutron stars, cataclysmic variable stars and X-ray binaries, active galactic nuclei, clusters of galaxies and gamma-ray bursts. Detection and analysis of X-rays and gamma rays.
  • Numerical methods of Astrophysics
    Course ID: UFV/NMAS/15
    Teacher: Štefan Parimucha
    Recommended year/semester: 2/winter
    Scope: 4/0
    ECTS credits: 8
    Brief outline: Monte-Carlo simulations in astrophysics, error determination of parameters. Simulation of mass transfer and accretion disks. N-body system dynamics. genetic algorithms in astrophysics.
  • Photometry
    Course ID: UFV/FOT/15
    Teacher: Štefan Parimucha
    Recommended year/semester: 1/winter
    Scope: 2/0
    ECTS credits: 5
    Brief outline: Detection of objects, background determination. Aperture photometry, apertures optimization, profile fitting. PSF photometry. Image substraction method. Measurements calibration, removing
    systematic trends and errors. Transformation to international system.
  • Physics of Close Binaries
    Course ID: UFV/FTDV/15
    Teacher: Theodor Pribulla
    Recommended year/semester: 1/summer
    Scope: 2/0
    ECTS credits: 5
    Brief outline: Kopal’s classification of close binaries. Creation and evolution of close binaries. Physical processes in close binaries: mass transfer, outflow, tidal pulsations, accretion disks, mass flows. Methods of observations: photometry, spectroscopy, interferometry, polarimetry, Doppler thomography.
    Determination of orbital parameters and absolute parameters of bodies.
  • Planetary Systems
    Course ID: UFV/PLSD/15
    Teacher: Martin Vaňko
    Recommended year/semester: 1/summer
    Scope: 2/0
    ECTS credits: 5
    Brief outline: Methods of exoplanets detection: transits, radial velocities, microlensing, direct imaging. Dynamic of exoplanets. Creation and evolution of exoplanets, evolution of protoplanetary discs. Atmosphere of exoplanets.
  • Populations of the Interplanetary Bodies
    Course ID: UFV/PTMH/15
    Teacher: Ján Svoreň
    Recommended year/semester: 2/winter
    Scope: 2/0
    ECTS credits: 5
    Brief outline: Meteoroids flows, near-earth asteroids, new comets under Oort, Troians. Ice objects of Edgeworth-Kuiper belt: orbits physical properties, dynamical and physical evolution.